OILY AND COMBINATION SKIN


Oily skin is yellow-grey, poorly supplied with blood, in the morning it might be pale. It is quite thick, has a shiny surface with visible dilated pores with blackheads. It reacts well to atmospheric conditions, water and soap – it does not cause trouble. The skin appearance is significantly affected by such internal factors as: stress, hormonal balance or disorders of the digestive system.

It keeps smooth and firm for a long time – it starts to age much later than dry skin. It is prone to develop frequent acne complications caused by overactive sebaceous glands. Combination skin has the properties of two types of skin. A part of it is dry – this usually applies to side of the face. The middle part – „T-zone” (forehead, nose, chin) is oily. Skin care is more complex than in the case of homogeneous skin. People with combination skin can have simultaneous tendencies to develop seborrhoea and sensitiveness to soap and water which result in burning, redness and tension. To care for combination skin more effectively, at first – places which need to be purified or moisturized need to be determined.

Lightweight antibacterial cream with birch extract is recommended.

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SKIN WITH DISCOLORATIONS


Blemishes and discolorations are associated with malfunctioning, excess or lack of melanin in the skin. The emergence of heterogeneous skin colour results mainly from excessive number of melanocytes in the skin or overproduction of melanin with a proper number thereof. They are most often found on the skin in the form of freckles, melasma, lentigo, senile and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs in places previously subject to inflammations, e.g. acne scars, sunburns or injuries.

Discolorations are the most frequently located on uncovered skin exposed to sunlight. Removal of spots is unfortunately problematic as it requires time, patience and regularity. Regardless of the cosmetics used against discoloration, adequate protection against sunshine in the form of sunscreen of at least 20 SPF is always required. It is recommended to introduce cream containing substances that block excessive tyrosinase secretion (enzyme responsible for the synthesis of eumelanin giving the effect of skin browning).

Lightweight cream with raspberry ketone glucoside evening the skin tone is recommended.

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COUPEROSE SKIN


Couperose skin is problematic and its main features include: dilated blood vessels, appearing and disappearing erythema, burning and itching feeling, skin sensitivity and hypersensitivity and tendency to inflammation. It is characterized by a telangiectasia network, i.e. dilated capillaries visible in the skin, resembling thin threads. Tendency to develop dilated blood vessels can occur already in childhood, and after the age of 20, it is enhanced and thus, broken cells become visible.

The first symptoms of such skin include flush appearance as a result of temperature or stress. Couperose skin requires special care, use of preparations sealing blood vessels and elimination of factors which intensify erythema. Otherwise, the skin itches and burns, might flush and even swell. Drinking large amounts of alcohol, coffee, strong tea and eating spicy food should be avoided. Well chosen cosmetics intended for couperose skin will alleviate all discomfort associated with having such skin type.

Lightweight calming cream with poppy extract is recommended.

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SENSITIVE SKIN / ATOPIC SKIN


This skin type is the most frequently genetically determined, but it also can become sensitive over some time. After using soap and water or applying some cosmetics, feeling of tension and burning is developed. This type of skin is found today more often than in the past which is associated with pollution as well as improper care and e.g. inappropriately chosen cosmetics.

Sensitive skin is quite difficult to care for. Sun exposure, solarium and air-conditioned rooms should be avoided. It is not always feasible, but properly selected cosmetics can make it possible that moisture will not be lost too quickly and thus, skin layers will be protected.

It is very difficult to care for, as it is often associated with skin allergy, atopic and dry skin not deeply vascularized. It is more commonly found among people with seborrheic dermatitis than with allergies. It develops allergic reactions to most cosmetic ingredients and beauty treatments as well as shows reduced tolerance to detergents and some food products.

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DRY AND DEHYDRATED SKIN


It is usually light, thin and not flexible with frequently appearing discolorations and dilated blood vessels. Dry skin might be inborn, although, it might result from negligence, improper skin care or air or water pollution. This type of skin appears to be dull and peeled.

Other problems with dry skin include feelings of tension and burning. This type of skin is sensitive to soap and water and as a result, it reacts with redness and irritation. It ages relatively quickly as the first wrinkles can appear already at the age of approximately 25 years old. Dehydrated face skin regenerates more slowly and is more susceptible to formation of wrinkles. Suitable supply of nutrients can significantly delay the process.

Lightweight moisturizing cream with cornflower extract is recommended.

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MATURE SKIN


Our skin starts to age already over 25, and after turning 30 years old the ageing process speeds up. Depending on individual factors, our skin gets mature over 45 or even earlier. Long and intense exposure to sunlight, use of numerous drugs, smoking and improper care contribute to skin ageing more quickly.

Mature skin is getting less flexible and becomes dry and rough. Deepening mimic wrinkles can be observed. Loss of laxity results in disturbing the shape and oval of the face. The skin loses water very quickly and slowly takes active ingredients. The ageing process cannot be stopped but can be effectively inhibited through proper care, regular exfoliation of the horny epidermis layers and massage stimulating circulation. Anti-wrinkle cream should be patted or rubbed so that the ingredients have the opportunity to penetrate the skin in a better way.

Lightweight anti-ageing cream with cotton extract is recommended.

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